15 Dicembre 2022

Are fascial strains involved in chronic pelvic pain syndrome? An exploratory matched case–control study

Daniele Origo 1 ; Fulvio Dal Farra 1 2; Maria Federica Bruni 1; Andrea Catalano 1; Lorenzo Marzagalli 1; Irene Bruini 1

1Research Department, SOMA Osteopathic Institute Milan, Viale Sarca 336 F, 20126, Milan, Italy

2Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy


Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) do not have a definite cause, even if their impact on quality of life was demonstrated. Furthermore, there is evidence of myofascial dysfunctions in a large number of CPP/CPPS, so that the role of fascia can be hypothesized.


The aim of this exploratory matched case–control study was to assess whether fascial strains (FS) represent a factor associated with CPP/CPPS. The study followed the “Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology” (STROBE) statement. We collected data from 189 subjects (cases: 58; controls: 131) who attended the clinic. The participants were managed through a 2:1 enrollment ratio. A standardized booklet requested for clinical information, previous FS and the following questionnaires: “National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index” (NIH-CPSI), “Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale” (HADS), “Fear Avoidance Belief Questionnaire” (FABQ). Each subject underwent a palpatory assessment to detect abnormal palpatory findings in the pelvic area.


The analyses showed that episiotomy, genito-urinary infections and surgery had a significantly increased odds ratio (OR) of 4.13, 3.1 and 3.08, respectively. FS as a whole had a significantly raised OR: 2.22 (1.14 to 4.33). The analysis was adjusted for physical activity and for type of job and OR decreased to 1.94 (0.82 to 4.61), losing its significance (p = 0.129). A strong correlation between symptoms’ impact and CPP/CPPS was detected (rpbs = 0.710; p p